- This article is about the historical era. For the Animatrix short film, see The Second Renaissance.
The Second Renaissance was an era of machine prosperity and human decadence between 2090 and 2139. It was the time period right before the Machine War, the eventual subjugation of the human race and the creation of the Matrix. This was also the last human era.
Humanity created the Machines to make their lives easier, but ended up having their creations turned against them. Tensions between humans and machines rose for the outcome of the trial of B1-66ER. After a massacre of robots, the survivors built the machine city of 01. The mass production of cheap goods caused the devaluation of human currency, causing an economic crisis.